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TitleEQUITY IN ACCESS TO ENERGY Assessment of Gender Mainstreaming in Rural Electrification Programs in Tanzania
SubjectGender Mainstreaming
Date of Publication2017081
PublisherAfrican Community of Practice on Management for Development result at the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF)
Number of Pages8 pages
Geographical CoverageTanzania
KeywordsWomen and access to Energy, Women and access to electricity, Women and rural electrification , Gender mainstreaming in energy policies
Abstractgenerate better outcomes in sustainability of energy services and human development opportunities open to women and men. This study analyzes how commitments to equity and gender mainstreaming are put into practice in rural energy programs in Tanzania to ease bottlenecks and elicit success factors, and formulates recommendations for improving gendered access to energy in rural areas. Key findings. Although policy documents show important government implications in gender issues, most implementers were unaware of gender issues or how to mainstream responses to them into rural electrification plans and processes. Moreover, the patriarchal practices that marginalize rural women are still entrenched in rural Tanzania to the extent that rural electrification may end up lighting rural Tanzania but may not contribute to the fundamental changes required in altering complex and multiple energy challenges that women face. Also, the high costs of energy and limited participation of women in energy program design have not been addressed, and will remain major issues in rural electrification. Main lessons. Resolving energy challenges facing rural women in Tanzania requires more than rural electrification. To have an impact, gender-specific energy needs have to be identified and mainstreamed in program design and implementation. Key recommendations. Gender mainstreaming in energy projects requires capacity building of practitioners and policymakers. Specific training and support (for example through guides on developing and implementing gendered energy programs) would increase their knowledge and capacities to mainstream gender issues. Relatedly, in designing and implementing energy programs, governments should consider the types of energy required by women, affordable costs, and adequate distribution systems aligned with women’s needs and situations. Finally, participation of all stakeholders, especially women, is central to the effectiveness and success of rural energy programs.
Copyright HolderAfrican Community of Practice (AfCoP)
Copyright URL
Filesize688984 MB
File FormatPDF
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